e-Clavis: Christian Apocrypha is a comprehensive bibliography of Christian Apocrypha research assembled and maintained by members of the North American Society for the Study of Christian Apocryphal Literature (NASSCAL). Entries for each text include a detailed description (a summary, the various titles used in scholarship, clavis numbers, and identification of related literature), an inventory of manuscript sources (with online images where available), an extensive bibliography (including online resources), and information about the text’s use in iconography and popular culture.
One of the primary goals of this resource is to encourage interaction and collaboration among scholars of the Christian Apocrypha. Entries are prepared by scholars working with the texts; users are encouraged to contact the contributors with suggestions for improvement or enhancement. The success of e-Clavis is contingent upon the willingness of users and contributors to exchange information and consistently update the entries.
e-Clavis is looking for volunteers to contribute entries for unassigned texts. Contact members of the editorial board for more information.
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Senior Editor: Tony Burke (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Infancy Materials : Cornelia Horn (email@example.com) and Brent Landau (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Agrapha and Fragments: vacant
Nag Hammadi Codices and “Gnostic” texts: Bradley Rice (email@example.com)
Passion and Resurrection Texts: Mark G. Bilby (mgb8n –at– virginia dot edu)
Early Apocryphal Acts: Janet Spittler (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Tony Burke (email@example.com)
Late Apocryphal Acts: vacant
Pseudo-apostolic Memoirs: vacant
Legends of John the Baptist and Judas : Tony Burke (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Legends of Mary, Joseph, and Mary Magdalene: Mark G. Bilby (mgb8n –at– virginia dot edu)
Epistles: Philip L. Tite (email@example.com)
e-Clavis: Christian Apocrypha was developed by Mark G. Bilby, Tony Burke, and Bradley Rice.
Additional Bibliographical Resources
Charlesworth, James H. with James R. Mueller. The New Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha: A Guide to Publications, with Excurses on Apocalypses. American Theological Library Association Bibliography Series 17. Chicago: ATLA; Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1987.
Though now outdated, this expansive bibliography offers entries on early editions and studies, including eastern European works rarely consulted in the West. A shorter version of the bibliography is found in James H. Charlesworth, “Research on the New Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha,” ANRW 25.2:3919-68. Part 2, Principat, 25.2 (edited by H. Temporini and W. Haase; New York: De Gruyter, 1988).
DiTommaso, Lorenzo. Bibliography of Pseudepigrapha Research, 1850–1999. JSPSup (now LSTS) 39. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001.
Includes entries for Pseudepigrapha featuring Jewish figures and history but composed by Christians.
Elliott, J. Keith, ed. The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005.
First published in 1993. Each of the individual texts is accompanied by an extensive bibliography.
Geerard, Maurice, ed. Clavis apocryphorum Novi Testamenti. Corpus Christianorum. Turnhout: Brepols, 1992.
A guide to manuscript research and editions for various apocryphal Christian works published under the auspices of l’AELAC. A valuable resource for determining the current state of text-critical work on each of the texts.
Scholer, David M. Nag Hammadi Bibliography. 3 vols. NHMS 1, 32, 65. Leiden: Brill, 1971, 1997, 2009.
Burke, Tony. Christian Apocrypha. Oxford Bibliographies. Membership required to view the complete entry.
Burke, Tony. Apocryphal Acts. Oxford Bibliographies. Membership required to view the complete entry.
Elliott, J. K. Apocryphal Gospels. Oxford Bibliographies. Membership required to view the complete entry.
Murdoch, Brian. Biblical Apocrypha. Oxford Bibliographies. Membership required to view the complete entry.
Wright, Charles D. The Apocrypha in the Middle Ages. Medieval Studies Program, University of Illinois.
Additional Electronic Resources:
Kirby, Peter. Early Christian Writings.
Pitts Theology Library, Emory University. Early Christian Apocrypha.
Acts and Martyrdom of Bartholomew
Acts and Martyrdom of James, the Brother of the Lord
Acts and Martyrdom of Matthew
Acts and Martyrdom of Matthias
Acts of Andrew
Acts of Andrew and Paul
Acts of Bartholomew
Acts of Bartholomew and Barnabas
Acts of James, Son of Zebedee
Acts of Mark
Acts of Matthew and Andrew
Acts of Paul/Paul and Thecla
Acts of Paul and Andrew
Acts of Peter and Andrew
Acts of Philip
Acts of Pilate
Acts of Stephen
Acts of Thaddaeus
(Minor) Acts of Thomas
(Latin) Apocalypse of John
Apocalypse of Paul
Apocalypse of Thomas
Apocryphon of James
Apocryphon of John
Armenian Infancy Gospel
Ascension of Isaiah
Book of the Covenant
Book of the Rolls
Book of the Resurrection of Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle
Book of Thomas the Contender
Books of Jeu
Death of Pilate (Mors Pilati)
Dialogue of John with Jesus
Dialogue of Jesus with the Devil
Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila
Discovery of John the Baptist’s Head
Dream of Nero
Epistle of Christ and Abgar
Epistle of Lentulus
Epistle of Pilate to Claudius
Epistle of Pilate to Tiberius
Epistles of Pilate and Herod
Epistle of Pseudo-Titus
Epistle of Tiberius to Pilate
Epistle to the Alexandrians
Epistle to the Apostles
Gospel and Traditions of Matthias
Gospel of Bartholomew
Gospel of Gamaliel
Gospel of Judas
Gospel of Mary
Gospel of Nicodemus
Gospel of Peter
Gospel of the Ebionites
Gospel of the Egyptians
Gospel of the Hebrews
Gospel of the Nazarenes
Gospel of the Savior (see Berlin-Strasbourg Apocryphon)
Greater Questions of Mary
Handing Over of Pilate (Paradosis Pilati)
History of Joseph the Carpenter
History of Paul
Lament of Mary
Legend of Simon and Theonoae
Letter of Luke
Life and Miracles of Saint Thecla
Life of Mary (Coptic)
Life of Mary Magdalene
Life of Titus
Martyrdom of James, Son of Zebedee (CANT 273.2)
Martyrdom of John by Melito of Laodicea
Martyrdom of Paul the Apostle and the Discovery of his Severed Head
Martyrdom of Paul by Linus
Martyrdom of Philip
Martyrdom of Simon and Jude
Martyrdom of Stephen
Martyrdom of Thomas
Martyrdom of Timothy
Miracles of Jesus (CANT 45)
Miracles of Mary
Prayer of the Apostle Paul
Questions of Bartholomew
Report of Pontius Pilate (Anaphora Pilati)
(First) Revelation of James
(Second) Revelation of James
Second Discourse of the Great Seth
Testament of Our Savior