Pseudo-Clementines

Pseudo-Clementina

Standard abbreviations: Ps.-Clem., Klem. (EpPt, Cont., EpCl, Hom.); Ps.-Clem., Rec.; Ps.-Clem. E (Greek epitome); Ps.-Clem. e (metaphrastic epitome)

Other titles: Recognition/Recognitions; Klementia/Homilies; Periodoi Petrou/Circuits of Peter

Clavis numbers: CANT 209.1–7; BHG 319–341; BHL 6644–6645; BHG 342–344b; BHG 345–347; BHO 202–204.

Category: Apocryphal Acts

Related literature: Acts of Peter, Book of Elchasai, History of Simon Cephas the Chief of the Apostles, Book of the Laws of the Countries (featuring Bardaisan), Life of Clement of Rome, Preaching of Peter

Compiled by: F. Stanley Jones, California State University, Long Beach (Stanley.Jones@csulb.edu) and Patricia Duncan, Texas Christian University (p.duncan@tcu.edu)

Citing this resource (using Chicago Manual of Style): Jones, F. Stanley and Patricia Duncan. “Pseudo-Clementines.” e-Clavis: Christian Apocrypha. Accessed DAY MONTH YEAR. http://www.nasscal.com/e-clavis-christian-apocrypha/pseudo-clementines/.

Originally posted February 2016. Updated May 2017.

1. SUMMARY

The Pseudo-Clementines are so named because of the claimed authorship of the text by Clement, a successor to Peter as bishop of Rome and believed to be the authentic author of 1 Clement. There are two main renditions: the Klementia (sometimes referred to as the Homilies) a collection of three preliminary writings (the Epistle of Peter to James, the Contestation, and the Letter of Clement to James) followed by 20 books in Greek, and the Recognition (sometimes referred to as the Recognitions) a ten-book narrative, lost in its original Greek but translated into Latin by Rufinus of Aquileia around 406 CE, with supplementation from Homily 20, and documented also in an ancient Syriac translation of about half of the text. The two go back to a common lost source, Jewish-Christian in origin and written in Syria in the early third century, entitled Periodoi Petrou or Circuits of Peter. Besides a particularly ancient Syriac manuscript, dating to 411 and covering Recognition 1–3 and Homilies 10–14/Recognition 7, important are also the fragments of an Armenian translation and three epitomes, two of the Klementia in Greek and one of the Recognition in Arabic. The framework of the original text details Clement’s interactions with Peter along with some details of his own life. In a prefatory letter of the Klementia, Clement informs James that Peter has died and that Clement has been appointed his successor. Attached to the letter is “Clement’s Epitome of the Public Sermons of Peter,” which forms the bulk of the text. As Clement describes the activities and teachings of Peter, he tells also the tale of his family’s separation and reunion—in a manner similar to that of Greek “recognition” novels. Early in the account, Clement becomes interested in Christianity, and joins Peter on his journeys from town-to-town in pursuit of Simon Magus. In Pseudo-Clement, Peter’s encounters with Simon are less miracle contests than wars of words; but, through these disputes we learn much about the beliefs of the Jewish-Christians who composed the text. One section of the text (Recognitions 1.27–71) has been identified as an early Jewish-Christian telling of sacred history from the creation of the world to Jesus written around the end of the second-century; some scholars have associated it with the Ascents of James, a text composed by the Ebionites according to Epiphanius (see his Panarion 30.16.6–9). We also discover some additional details about Simon’s life, including his conception by a virgin, his time spent in Alexandria learning Greek dialectics, his magical accoutrements and abilities, and his association with John the Baptist. Pseudo-Clement’s depiction of Simon bears some alarming similarities to the apostle Paul and doubtless represents early Jewish-Christian antipathy toward the apostle.

Named historical figures and characters: Abraham (patriarch), Adam (patriarch), Andrew (apostle), Annubion, Anton (father of Simon Magus), Apion, Aquilas, Barnabas, Barabbas, Benjamin (son of Sabba, disciple), Caiaphas, Clement (of Rome), Cornelius, Dositheus (heresiarch), Eliezer (patriarch), Elisha (disciple), Epicurus (philsopher), Faustinianus, Faustinus, Faustus, Gamaliel, Hanania (son of Saphra, disciple), Isaac (patriarch), Ishmael (patriarch), Jacob (patriarch), James (the Righteous), James (son of Zebedee), James (son of Alphaeus), Jesus (Christ), John (the Baptist), John (son of Zebedee), Joseph (disciple), Joshua (patriarch), Judas (apostle), Justa, Lazarus, Lebbaeus (apostle), Maroon (bishop), Mattidia, Metradora, Micah (disciple), Moses (patriarch), Nicetas, Nicodemus, Noah (patriarch), Peter (apostle), Philip (apostle), Phineas (disciple), Pyrrho (philosopher), Rachel (mother of Simon Magus), Roubel (brother of Zacchaeus, disciple), Sarah (matriarch), Simon (the Canaanite), Simon Magus, Sophonias, Zacchaeus (bishop), Zacharia (the builder, disciple).

Geographical locations: Antarados, Antioch, Arados, Athens, Balanaea, Caesarea Stratonis, Capernaum, Damascus, Egypt, Gabala, Githnin, Jericho, Jerusalem, Judea, Laodicea, Orthosia, Mount Gerizim, Rome, temple (Jerusalem), Tripolis.

2. RESOURCES

“Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions.” Early Christian Writings. (Includes translations and links to other online sources).

“Pseudo-Clementine Homilies.” Early Christian Writings. (Includes translations and links to other online sources).

“Clementine Literature.” Wikipedia.

3. BIBLIOGRAPHY

3.1 Manuscripts and Editions

3.1.1 Greek (BHG 319–347)

Messina, Biblioteca Universitaria, San Salvatoris 30, fols. 144r–148v (1307) (epitome)

Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, gr. 930, fols. 4v–283v (10th cent.)

Vatican, Biblioteca apostolica, Ottobonianus 443 (1562–64 CE)

Cotelier, Jean Baptiste, ed., Ss. Patrum Qui Temporibus Apostolicis Floruerunt; Barnabæ, Clementis, Hermæ, Ignatii, Polycarpi; Opera Edita et Inedita, Vera et Suppositicia. Unà cum Clementis, Ignatii, Polycarpi Actis atque Martyriis. 2 vols. Paris: Typis Petri le Petit, 1672.

________. Ss. Patrum Qui Temporibus Apostolicis Floruerunt, Barnabæ, Clementis, Hermæ, Ignatii, Polycarpi; Opera, Vera, et Suppositicia; Unà cum Clementis, Ignatii, Polycarpi Actis atque Martyriis. 2 vols. 2d rev. ed. Edited by Joannes Clericus. Amsterdam: Apud R. & G. Wetstenios, 1724.

Dressel, Albert Rud., ed. Clementis Romani Quae Feruntur Homiliae Viginti Nunc Primum Integrae. Göttingen: Sumptibus Librariae Dieterichianae, 1853.

Dressel, Albert Rud., ed. Clementinorum Epitomae Duae. 2nd unchanged ed. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1873.

Lagarde, Paul Anton de., ed., Constitutiones apostolorum. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner; London: Williams & Norgate, 1862.

________, ed. Clementina. Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, 1865.

________. “Aus einem Uncialcodex der Clementina.” Pp. 217–20 in Symmicta, vol. 2. Göttingen: Dieterichsche Sortimentsbuchhandlung, 1880.

Rehm, Bernhard, ed. Die Pseudoklementinen I: Homilien. Edited by Georg Strecker. 3d ed., rev. GCS 42. Berlin: Akademie, 1992. (Current standard edition of the Homilies)

Risch, Franz Xaver. Die Pseudoklementinen IV: Die Klemens-Biographie (Epitome prior, Martyrium Clementis, Miraculum Clementis). GCS, n.s.,16. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008.

Schwegler, Albert, ed. Clementis Romani Quae Feruntur Homiliae. Stuttgart: Sumtibus A. Becheri, 1847.

3.1.2 Latin (BHL 6644–6645)

Rec. is preserved in a Latin translation by Rufinus extant in over a hundred manuscripts.

Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Cod. 13707, fols. 1r–70v (1472) (Recognition and Epistle of Peter to James)

Gersdorf, E. G., ed. S. Clementis Romani Recognitiones Rufino Aquilei. Presb. Interprete. Bibliotheca Patrum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum Selecta, vol. 1. Leipzig: Bernh. Tauchnitz Jun., 1938.

________. Die Pseudoklementinen II: Rekognitionen in Rufins Übersetzung. Edited by Georg Strecker. 2d ed., rev. GCS. Berlin: Akademie, 1994. (Current standard edition of the Recognitions).

3.1.3 Syriac (BHO 197–201, 204)

London, British Library, Add. 12150 (411 CE)

London, British Library, Add. 14609 (587 CE)

Cambridge, University Library, Add. 2023 (13th cent.) – fragments

London, British Library, Add. 17194 (885-86 CE) – fragments

London, British Library, Add. 14,536 (8th cent.) – fragments

Frankenberg, Wilhelm. Die syrischen Clementinen mit griechischem Paralleltext: Eine Vorarbeit zu dem literargeschichtlichen Problem der Sammlung. TUGAL 48.3. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1937. (First critical edition)

Lagarde, Paul Anton de, ed. Clementis Romani Recognitiones Syriace. Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus; London: Williams & Norgate, 1861. (Diplomatic presentation of London Add. 12150 and Add. 14609)

3.1.4 Armenian

Renoux, Charles. “Fragments arméniens des Recognitiones du Pseudo-Clément.” Oriens Christianus 62 (1978): 103–13.

3.1.5 Arabic (BHO 202–203)

Gibson, Margaret Dunlop. Studia Sinaitica 5: Apocrypha Sinaitica. London: C. J. Clay and Sons, 1896. (Text pp. 15–54 and Translation pp. 14–51)

3.1.6 Ethiopic

Bausi, Alessandro, trans. Il Qalēmentos etiopico: La rivelazione di Pietro a Clemente, i libri 3-7. Studi Africanistici, Serie Etiopica 2. Naples: Istituto Universitario Orientale, 1992.

Budge, E. A. Wallis, trans. The Contendings of the Apostles Being the Histories of the Lives and Martyrdoms and Deaths of the Twelve Apostles and Evangelists: The Ethiopic Texts Now First Edited from Manuscripts in the British Museum, With an English Translation, vol. 2, The English Translation. London: Henry Frowde, 1901.

3.1.7 Slavonic

De Santos Otero, Aurelio. Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der altslavischen Apokryphen. 2 vols. PTS 20 and 23. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1978 and 1981 (Manuscripts listed vol. 1, pp. 140–46).

Franko, Ivan. “Beiträge aus dem Kirchenslavischen zu den Apokryphen des Neuen Testamentes I: Zu den Pseudoclementinen.” ZNW 3 (1902): 146–55.

3.2. Concordances and Synopses

Chawner, William. Index of Noteworthy Words and Phrases Found in the Clementine Writings Commonly Called the Homilies of Clement. London and New York: Macmillan, 1893.

Meyboom, H. U., trans. De Clemens-Roman. Vol. 1: Synoptische Vertaling van den Tekst. Groningen: J. B. Wolters, 1902.

Strecker, Georg. Die Pseudoklementinen III: Konkordanz zu den Pseudoklementinen. 2 vols. GCS. Berlin: Akademie, 1986–1989. (Concordance of Greek, Latin, and Syriac texts)

Jones, F. Stanley. “PsCl Concordances: Mistakes/Corrections.” ZAC 1 (1997): 126–28.

Electronic searches for words and phrases may be undertaken for all the Greek parts of the Pseudo-Clementines, including for example the Greek fragments of the Recognition, which are not indexed by “Strecker,” using the text and capabilities of the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae.

3.3 Modern Translations

3.3.1 English

Elliott, J. K. The Apocryphal New Testament. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993 (Introduction and select translations, pp. 431–38).

Gebhardt, Joseph Glen. The Syriac Clementine Recognitions and Homilies. Nashville: Grave Distractions Publications, 2014.

Irmscher, Johannes. “The Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 532–70 in vol. 2 of Edgar Hennecke, New Testament Apocrypha, ed. Wilhelm Schneemelcher, Engl. trans. ed. R. McL. Wilson. London: Lutterworth; Philadelphia: Westminster, 1963–1965 (Select translations).

Jones, F. Stanley. The Syriac Pseudo-Clementines: An Early Version of the First Christian Novel. Apocryphes 14. Turnhout: Brepols, 2014.

Smith, Thomas, Peter Peterson, and James Donaldson, trans. “Pseudo-Clementine Literature.” Pages 67–346 in The Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Writings of the Fathers down to A.D. 325, vol. 8: The Twelve Patriarchs, Excerpts and Epistles, the Clemen tina, Apocrypha, Decretals, Memoirs of Edessa and Syriac Documents, Remains of the First Ages. Reprint ed. Edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson; American reprint revised by A. Cleveland Coxe. 10 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1978.

Whiston, William. The Recognitions of Clement: or the Travels of Peter in Ten Books. Vol. 5 in Primitive Christianity Reviv’d. London: The author, 1712.

3.3.2 French

Cailleau, Gilles, trans. Les Recognitions de S. Clements. Paris: Iean Poupy, 1574 (Translation of Rec.).

Calzolari, Valentina. “La tradition arménienne des Pseudo-Clémentines: État de la question.” Apocrypha 4 (1993): 263–93.

Cirillo, Luigi, intro. and notes; Schneider, André, trans. Les “Reconnaissances” du pseudo Clément: Roman chrétien des premiers siècles. Apocryphes 10. Turnhout: Brepols, 1999.

Geoltrain, Pierre, et al., trans. “Roman pseudo-clémentin.” Pages 1173–2003 in vol. 2 of Écrits apocryphes chrétiens. Edited by Pierre Geoltrain and Jean-Daniel Kaestli. Bibliothèque de la Pléiade 516. Paris: Gallimard, 2005.

Maistre, abbé, trans. Saint Clément de Rome: Son histoire renfermant les Actes de Saint Pierre, ses écrits avec les preuves qui les réhabilitent, son glorieux martyre. 2 vols. Paris: F. Wattelier, 1883-1884 (Translation of Rec. and portions of Hom.)

Siouville, Auguste [LeLong, Auguste], trans. Les Homélies clémentines.  Les textes du christianisme 11. Paris: Les Éditions Rieder, 1933.

3.3.3 German

Arnold, Gottfried, trans. Des heiligen Clementis von Rom Recognitiones oder Historie von denen Reisen und Reden des Apostels Petri in zehen Büchern. Berlin: Johann Michael Rüdiger, 1702. Repr. as Historia von der Lehre, Leben und Thaten derer beyden Apostel und Jünger Christi Petri und Pauli. Rostock and Leipzig: Christian Gotthold Garmann, 1708. (Translation of Rec. from edition of Lambertus Gruterus Venradius, 1541)

Irmscher, Johannes, and Strecker, Georg, “Die Pseudoklementinen.” Pages 439–88 in vol. 2 of Neutestamentliche Apokryphen in deutscher Übersetzung. Edited by Wilhelm Schneemelcher. 5th ed. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1987–1989 (Select translations).

Wehnert, Jürgen, trans. Pseudoklementinische Homilien: Einführung und Übersetzung. Kommentare zur apokryphen Literatur 1.1. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2010. Revised in Der Klemensroman. Kleine Bibliothek der antiken jüdischen und christlichen Literatur. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015.

3.3.4 Italian

Cola, Silvano, trans. Pseudo-Clemente: I Ritrovamenti (Recognitiones). Collana di Testi Patristici 104. Rome: Citta Nuova Editrice, 1993 (Translation of Rec. from edition of Johannes Sichardius, 1526).

Erbetta, Mario. Gli apocrifi del Nuovo Testamento. 3 vols. Italy: Marietti, 1975–1981 (Select translation vol. 2, pp. 211–36).

Gianotto, Claudio. Ebrei credenti in Gesù: La testimonianze degli autori anticho. Milan: Paoline, 2012 (Select translations in “Appendici: La letteratura pseudoclementina,” pp. 571–648).

3.4 General Works

The list of works below does not reflect much of the most recent scholarship on the text. Additional works will be added in a future update.

Abramowski, Rudolf. “Pseudoclemens: Zu W. Frankenbergs Clemensausgabe.” Review of Die syrischen Clementinen mit griechischem Paralleltext: Eine Vorarbeit zu dem literargeschichtlichen Problem der Sammlung, by Wilhelm Frankenberg. Theologische Blätter 18 (1939): 147–51.

Adler, William. “Apion’s ‘Encomium of Adultery’: A Jewish Satire of Greek Paideia in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies.” HUCA 64 (1993): 15–49.

Amersfoort, Jacobus van. “Traces of an Alexandrian Orphic Theogony in the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 13–30 in Studies in Gnosticism and Hellenistic Religions Prresented to Gilles Quispel on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, edited by R van den Broek and M. J. Vermaseren. EPRO 91. Leiden: Brill, 1981.

__________. “Het Evangelie van Thomas en de Pseudo-Clementinen: Een Studie van de Woorden van Jezus in het Evangelie van Thomas en hun Parallellen in de Evangeliecitaten in de Pseudo-Clementijnse Homiliae en Recognitiones.” Th.D. diss., Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, 1984.

__________. “Pagan Sources in the Pseudo-Clementine Novel. ” Pages 265–74 in Religious Identity and the Problem of Historical Foundation. The Foundational Character of Authoritative Sources in the History of Christianity and Judaism. Jewish and Christian Perspectives Series 8. Edited by J. Frishman, W. Otten, and G. Rouwhorst. Leiden: Brill, 2004.

Amsler, Frédéric. “Les citations évangéliques dans le roman pseudo-clémentin: Une tradition indépendante du Nouveau Testament?” Pages 141–67 in Le canon du Nouveau Testament: Regards nouveaux sur l’histoire de sa formation. Edited by Gabriella Aragione, Eric Junod, and Enrico Norelli,. Le monde de la Bible 54. Geneva: Editions Labor et Fides, 2005.

Amsler, Frédéric, A. Frey, C. Touati, and R. Girardet, eds. Nouvelles intrigues pseudo-clémentines: Plots in the Pseudo-Clementine Romance. Publications de l’Institut romand des sciences bibliques 6. Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 2008.

Bartsch, Shadi. Decoding the Ancient Novel: The Reader and the Role of Description in Heliodorus and Achilles Tatius. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Baumgarten, Albert I. “Literary Evidence for Jewish Christianity in the Galilee.” Pages 39–50 in The Galilee in Late Antiquity. Edited by Lee I. Levine. New York and Jerusalem: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1992.

Baumstark, Anton. Die Petrus- und Paulusacten in der litterarischen Ueberlieferung der syrischen Kirche: Festgruss dem Priestercollegium des deutschen Dampo Santo zu Rom zur Feier seines 25 jährigen Bestehens (8 December 1901) gewidmet. Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz, 1902.

Baur, Ferdinand Christian. Die christliche Gnosis oder die christliche Religions-Philosophie in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwiklung. Tübingen: C. F. Osiander, 1835.

__________. “Die Christuspartei in der korinthischen Gemeinde, der Gegensatz des petrinischen und paulinischen Christenthums in der ältesten Kirche, der Apostel Petrus in Rom.” TZTh 4 (1831): 61–206.

__________. De Ebionitarum Origine et Doctrine ab Essenis Repetenda. Tübingen: Typis Hopferi de l’Orme, 1831.

__________. Review of Die Clementinen nebst den verwandten Schriften und der Ebionitismus: Ein Beitrag zur Kirchen- und Dogmengeschichte der ersten Jahrhunderte by Adolph Schliemann. Theologische Jahrbücher 3 (1844): 536–85.

Bautch, Kelly Coblentz.  “Obscured by the Scriptures, Revealed by the Prophets: God in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies.” Pages 120–36 in Histories of the Hidden God: Concealment and Revelation in Western Gnostic, Esoteric, and Mystical Traditions. Edited by April D. DeConick and Grant Adamson. Durham: Acumen, 2013.

Bazzana, Giovanni Battista. “Apelles and the Pseudo-Clementine Doctrine of the False Pericopes.” Pages 11–32 in “Soyez des changeurs avisés”. Edited by Gabriella Aragione and Rémi Gounelle. Cahiers de Biblia Patristica 12. Strasbourg: Université de Strasbourg, 2012.

__________. “Il battesimo nel romanzo pseudo-clcmentino: Contributo alla storia religiosa giudeo-cristana.” Annali di storia religiosi 5 (2004): 391–481.

__________. “I Have Come to Cast a Sword on Earth.” Pages 189–212 in Christian Apocrypha: Receptions of the New Testament in Ancient Christian Apocrypha. Edited by Jean-Michel Roessli and Tobias Niklas. Novum Testamentum Patristicum 26. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2014.

Bellinzoni, Arthur J. The Sayings of Jesus in the Writings of Justin Martyr. NovTSup 17. Leiden: Brill, 1967.

Bertrand, Daniel A. “L’Évangile des ébionites: Une harmonie évangélique antérieure au Diatessaron.” NTS 26 (1980): 548–63.

Beyschlag, Karlmann. “Das Jakobusmartyrium und seine Verwandten in der frühchristlichen Literatur.” ZNW 56 (1965): 149–78.

________. Simon Magus und die christliche Gnosis. WUNT 16. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1974.

Bigg, Charles. “The Clementine Homilies.” Pages 157–93 in vol. 2 of Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica: Essays Chiefly in Biblical and Patristic Criticism. Edited by members of the University of Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon, 1890.

Birdsall, J. Neville. “Problems of the Clementine Literature.” Pages 347–61 in Jews and Christians: The Parting of the Ways A.D. 70 to 135. Edited by James D. G. Dunn. WUNT 66. Mohr Siebeck, 1992.

Bockmuehl, Markus. The Remembered Peter in Ancient Reception and Modern Debate. WUNT 262. Edited by Jörg Frey. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010.

Bourgel, Jonathan. “Reconnaissances 1.27–71, ou la réponse d’un groupe judéo-chrétien de Judée au désastre du soulèvement de Bar-Kokhba.” NTS 61 (2015): 30–49.

Bousset, Wilhelm. Hauptprobleme der Gnosis. FRLANT 10. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1907.

________.  “Die Wiedererkennungs-Fabel in den pseudoklementinischen Schriften, den Menächmen des Plautus und Shakespeares Komödie der Irrungen.” ZNW 5 (1904): 18–27.

________. Review of Der Klemensroman und seine griechischen Quellen, by Werner Heintze. TLZ 40 (1915): 295–97.

________. Review of Die Pseudoklementinen, Homilien und Rekognitionen: Eine quellenkritische Untersuchung, by Hans Waitz. Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen 167 (1905): 425–47.

Boustan, Ra‘anan S. and Annette Yoshiko Reed. “Blood and Atonement in the Pseudo Clementines and The Story of the Ten Martyrs: The Problem of Selectivity in the Study of ‘Judaism’ and ‘Christianity’.” Henoch 30 (2008): 333–64.

Bremmer, Jan N. “Achilles Tatius and Heliodorus in Christian East Syria.” Pages 21–29 in All Those Nations: Cultural Encounters within and with the Near East. Edited by H. L. J. Vanstiphout et al. Groningen: Styx, 1999.

________, ed. The Pseudo-Clementines. Studies on Early Christian Apocrypha 10. Leuven: Peeters, 2010.

Brown, Scott Kent. James: A Religio-Historical Study of the Relations between Jewish, Gnostic, and Catholic Christianity in the Early Period through an Investigation of the Traditions about James the Lord’s Brother. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1972.

Bussell, F. W. “The Purpose of the World-Process and the Problem of Evil as Explained in the Clementine and Lactantian Writings in a System of Subordinate Dualism.” Pages 133–88 in vol. 4 of Studia Biblica et Ecclesiastica: Essays Chiefly in Biblical and Patristic Criticism. Edited by members of the University of Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon, 1896.

Carleton Paget, James. Jews, Christians and Jewish Christians in Antiquity. WUNT 215. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010.

Calvet-Sébasti, Marie-Ange. “Une île romanesque: Arados.” Pages 87–99 in Lieux, décors et paysages de l’ancien roman des origines à Byzance. Actes du 2e Colloque de Tours, 24–26 octobre 2002. Collection de la Maison de l’Orient et de la méditerranée 34, Série littéraire et philosophique 8. Edited by Bernard Pouderon. Lyon: Pouilloux,  2005.

Carlson, Donald H. Jewish Christian Interpretation of the Pentateuch in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2013.

Cave, Guiliemus. Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Historia Literaria a Christo Nato usque ad Sæculum XIV Facili Methodo Digesta. 2 vols. Oxford: Sheldonian Theatre, 1740–1743.

Cerfaux, Lucien. “Le vrai prophète des Clémentines.” RSR 18 (1928): 143–63.

Cha, Jung-Sik. “Diamartyria and the Ordination of Jewish Christian Teachers.” AsJT 13 (1999): 124–58.

Chapman, John. “Clementines.” Pages 39–44 in vol. 4 of The Catholic Encyclopedia. Edited by Charles G. Herbermann et al. New York: Robert Appleton, 1908.

________. “On the Date of the Clementines.” ZNW 9 (1908): 21–34, 147–59.

Cirillo, Luigi. “Le Baptême, remède à la concupiscence, selon la catéchèse pseudo clémentine de Pierre: Hom. XI 26 (Rec. VI 9).” Pages 79–90 in Text and Testimony.       Essays on New Testament and Apocryphal Literature in Honour of A. F. J. Klijn. Edited by T. Baarda. Kampen: Kok, 1988.

________. “L’antipaolinismo nelle Pseudoclementine.” Ricerche Storico Bibliche 1.2 (1989): 121–37.

________. “L’écrit pseudo-clémentin primitif (‘Grundschrift’): Une apologie judéo-chrétienne et ses sources.” Pages 223–37 in Pierre Geoltrain, ou comment “faire l’histoire: des religions? Edited by S. Mimouni and I. Ullern-Weité. Bibliothèque de l’École Pratique des Hautes Études 128. Turnhout: Brepols, 201

________. “Verus Propheta.” Pages 240–55 in Henry Corbin. Edited by Christian Jambet. Paris: Éditions de L’Herne, 1981.

Cohen, Shaye J. D. The Beginnings of Jewishness: Boundaries, Varieties, Uncertainties. HCS 31. Berkeley: University of California, 1999.

Cooper, Kate. “Matthidia’s Wish: Division, Reunion, and the Early Christian Family in the Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions.” Pages 243–64 in Narrativity in Biblical and Related Texts. BETL 149. Edited by G. J. Brooke and J.-D. Kaestli. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2000.

Côté, Dominique. Le thème de l’opposition entre Pierre et Simon dans les “Pseudo-Clémentines.” Collection des Études Augustiniennes, Série Antiquité 167. Paris: Institut d’Études Augustiniennes, 2001.

________. “La fonction littéraire de Simon le magicien dans les Pseudo-Clémentines.” LTP 57 (2001): 513–23.

________. “La figure d’Éros dans les Homélies pseudo-clémentines.” Pages 135–65 in Coptica, Gnostica, Manichaica. Mélanges offerts à Wolf-Peter Funk. Edited by Louis Painchaud and Paul-Hubert Poirier. Quebec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval, 2005.

________. “La forme de Dieu dans les Homélies pseudo-clémentines et la notion de Shiur Qomah.” Pages 69–94 in «Soyez des changeurs avisés» Controverses exégétiques dans la littérature apocryphe chrétienne. Edited by Gabriella Aragione and Rémi Gounelle.  Cahiers de Biblia Patristica 12. Turnhout: Brepols, 2012.

________. “Les Pseudo-Clémentines et le choix du roman grec.” Pages 473–96 in Patristic Studies in the Twenty-First Century. Edited by B. Bitton-Ashkelony, T. de Bruyn, and C. Harrison. Turnhout: Brepols, 2015.

Cowley, R. W. “The Identification of the Ethiopian Octateuch of Clement, and Its Relationship to the Other Christian Literature.” Ostkirchliche Studien 27 (1978): 37–45.

Cullmann, Oscar. Le Problème littéraire et historique du roman pseudo-clémentin: Étude sur le rapport entre le gnosticisme et le Judéo-Christianisme. Études d’histoire et de philosophie religieuses publiées par la faculté de théologie protestante de l’Université de Strasbourg 23. Paris: Librairie Félix Alcan, 1930.

Drijvers, Han J. W. “Adam and the True Prophet in the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 314–23 in Loyalitätskonflikte in der Religionsgeschichte: Festschrift für Carsten Colpe. Edited by Christoph Elsas and Hans G. Kippenberg. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 1990.

________. “Bardaisan’s Doctrine of Free Will, the Pseudo-Clementines, and Marcionism in Syria.” Pages 13–30 in Liberté chrétienne et libre arbitre. Edited by Guy Bedouelle and Olivier Fatio. Fribourg: Éditions Universitaires, 1994.

________. “East of Antioch: Forces and Structures in the Development of Early Syriac Theology.” Pages 1–27 in idem, East of Antioch: Studies in Early Syriac Christianity. London: Variorum Reprints, 1984.

Duncan, Patricia A.  “The Case for Tolerance in the Early Christian (Pseudo-Clementine) Novel.” In Perceiving the Other in Ancient Judaism and Christianity. Edited by Michael Bar-Asher Siegal, Wolfgang Grünstäudl, and Matthew Thiessen. WUNT I.  Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, forthcoming.

________. “Novel Hermeneutics: Gospel Exegesis in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies.” Ph.D. diss, University of Chicago, 2015.

Edwards, M. J. “The Clementina: A Christian Response to the Pagan Novel.” ClQ 42 (1992): 459–74.

Fossum, Jarl E. “Jewish-Christian Christology and Jewish Mysticism.” VC 37 (1983): 260–87.

________. The Name of God and the Angel of the Lord: Samaritan and Jewish Concepts of Intermediation and the Origin of Gnosticism. WUNT 36. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1985.

Frankenberg, Wilhelm. “Zum syrischen Text der Clementinen.” ZDMG 91 (1937): 577–604.

Gieschen, Charles A. “The Seven Pillars of the World: Ideal Figure Lists in the Christology of the Pseudo-Clementines.” JSP 12 (1994): 47–82.

________. Angelomorphic Christology: Antecedents and Early Evidence. AGJU 42. Leiden: Brill, 1998.

Gobillot, Geneviève. “Two Arabic Epiomes of the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 213–232 in Christian Apocrypha: Receptions of the New Testament in Ancient Christian Apocrypha. Edited by Jean-Michel Roessli and Tobias Niklas. Novum Testamentum Patristicum 26. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2014.

Guidi I., “Bemerkungen zum ersten Bande der syrischen Acta Martyrum et Sanctorum.” ZDMG 46 (1892): 744–58.

Gunkel, Hermann. Zum religionsgeschichtlichen Verständnis des Neuen Testaments. FRLANT 1. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1903.

Hägg, Tomas. The Novel in Antiquity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983.

Häkkinen, Sakari. “The Ebionites: How the Heirs of the Earliest Christianity Became Heretics.” The Fourth R 18.5 (September-October 2005): 5–10, 18.

________. Köyhät kerettiläiset: Ebionit kirkkoisien teksteissä. Suomalaisen Teologisen Kirjallisuusseuran Julkaisuja 223. Helsinki: Suomalainen Teologinen Kirjallisuusseura, 1999.

Hannah, Darrell D. Michael and Christ: Michael Traditions and Angel Christology in Early Christianity. WUNT 2/109. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1999.

Hansen, Dirk Uwe. “Die Metamorphose des Heiligen: Clemens und die Clementina.” Pages 119–29 in volume 8 of Groningen Colloquia on the Novel. Groningen: Egbert Forsten, 1997.

Hayes, E. R. L’école d’Édesse. Paris: Les presses modernes, 1930

Heintze, Werner. De Historiae Clementis Romani Auctoribus Quaestiones Selectae. Göttingen: Dieterich, 1913.

Heintze, Werner. Der Klemensroman und seine griechischen Quellen. TUGAL 40.2. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1914.

Hengel, Martin. “Jakobus der Herrenbruder—der erste ‘Papst’?” Pages 71–104 in Glaube und Eschatologie: Festschrift für Werner Georg Kümmel zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Erich Grässer and Otto Merk. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1985.

Hilgenfeld, Adolf. “Der Clemens-Roman.” ZWT 49 (1906): 66–133.

________. Die clementinischen Recognitionen und Homilien, nach ihrem Ursprung und Inhalt dargestellt. Jena: J. G. Schreiber; Leipzig: Chr. E. Kollmann, 1848.

________. Judenthum und Judenchristenthum: Eine Nachlese zu der “Ketzergeschichte des Urchristenthums.” Leipzig: Fues’s Verlag (R. Reisland), 1886.

________. Die Ketzergeschichte des Urchristenthums. Leipzig: Fues’s Verlag (R. Reisland), 1884.

________. “Origenes und Pseudo-Clement.” ZWT 46 (1903): 342–51.

________. “Das Urchristenthum und seine neuesten Bearbeitungen von Lechler und Ritschl.” ZWT 1 (1858): 54–140, 377–440, 565–602.

Hofmann, Johannes. Unser heiliger Vater Klemens: Ein römischer Bischof im Kalender der griechischen Kirche. TThSt. Trier: Paulinus-Verlag, 1992.

Holzberg, N. The Ancient Novel: An Introduction. Trans. Christine Jackson-Holzberg. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.

Hoppe, Heinrich. “Rufin als Uebersetzer.” Pages 133–50 in Studi dedicati alla memoria di Paolo Ubaldi. Pubblicazioni della Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore 5/16. Milan: Società editrice “Vita e pensiero,” 1937.

Hort, Fenton John Anthony. Judaistic Christianity: A Course of Lectures. Cambridge and London: Macmillan, 1894.

________. Notes Introductory to the Study of the Clementine Recognitions: A Course of Lectures. London: Macmillan & Co., 1901.

Hünemörder, Christian. “Studien zur Wirkungsgeschichte biologischer Motive in den Pseudo-Klementinen.” Medizinhistorisches Journal 13 (1978): 15–28.

James, M. R. “A Manual of Mythology in the Clementines.” JTS 33 (1932): 262–65.

Jones, F. Stanley. “The Ancient Christian Teacher in the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 355–64 in Early Christian Voices in Texts, Traditions, and Symbols: Essays in Honor of François Bovon. Edited by David H. Warren, Ann Graham Brock, and David W. Pao. Biblical Interpretation Series 66. Boston and Leiden: Brill, 2003. Reprinted as pages 194–203 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “An Ancient Jewish Christian Rejoinder to Luke’s Acts of the Apostles: Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions 1.27–71.” Pages 223–45 in The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles in Intertextual Perspectives. Edited by Robert F. Stoops, Jr. Semeia 80. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1999. Reprinted as pages 207–29 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. An Ancient Jewish Christian Source on the History of Christianity: Pseudo-Clementine “Recognitions” 1.27–71. SBLTT 37, Christian Apocrypha Series 2. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1995.

________. “The Astrological Trajectory in Ancient Syriac-Speaking Christianity (Elchasai, Bardaisan, and Mani).” Pages 183–200 in Atti del Terzo Congresso Internazionale di Studi “Manicheismo e Oriente Cristiano Antico.” Edited by L. Cirillo and A. van Tongerloo. Manichaean Studies 3. Louvain and Naples: Brepols, 1997.  Reprinted as pages 432–49 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “The Book of Elchasai in Its Relevance for Manichaean Institutions with a Supplement: The Book of Elchasai Reconstructed and Translated.” ARAM 16 (2004): 179–215. Reprinted as pages 359–97 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “Clementines, Pseudo-.” Pages 1061–62 in vol. 1 of Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by D. N. Freedman. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1992. Reprinted as pages 3–6 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “Clement of Rome and the Pseudo-Clementines: History and/or Fiction.” Pages 139–61 in Studi su Clemente Romano. Edited by P. Luisier. OrChrAn 268. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2003. Reprinted as pages 172–93 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “The Distinctive Sayings of Jesus Shared by Justin and the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 200–217 in Forbidden Texts on the Western Frontier: The Christian Apocrypha in North American Perspectives. Edited by T. Burke. Eugene, Or.: Wipf and Stock, 2015.

________. “Ebionäerevangelium/Ebionitenevangelium.” Pages 1041–42 in vol. 2 of Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Edited by Hans Dieter Betz, et al. 4th new ed. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1999. English version: Religion Past and Present, ed. H. D. Betz et al. Vol. 4:252-253. Reprinted as page 515 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “Eros and Astrology in the Περίοδοι Πέτρου: The Sense of the Pseudo-Clementine Novel.” Apocrypha 12 (2001): 53–78. Reprinted as pages 114–37 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “Evaluating the Latin and Syriac Translations of the Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions.” Apocrypha 3 (1992): 237–57. Reprinted as pages 322–41 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “From Toland to Baur: Tracks of the History of Research into Jewish Christianity.” Pages 123–36 in The Rediscovery of Jewish Christianity: From Toland to Baur. Edited by F. Stanley Jones. SBLHBS 5. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2012.

__________. “Jewish-Christian Chiliastic Restoration in Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions 1.27–71.” Pages 529–47 in Restoration: Old Testament, Jewish, and Christian Perspectives. Edited by J. M. Scott. Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism 72. Leiden: Brill, 2001. Reprinted as pages 252–66 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “Jewish Christianity of the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 315–34 in A Companion to Second-Century Christian “Heretics.” Edited by Antti Marjanen and Petri Luomanen. VCSupp 76. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2005. Reprinted as pages 138–51 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “Jewish Christians as Heresiologists and as Heresy.” Rivista di storia del cristianesimo 6 (2009): 333–47. Reprinted as pages 516–31 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “A Jewish Christian Reads Luke’s Acts of the Apostles: The Use of the Canonical Acts in the Ancient Jewish Christian Source behind Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions 1.27–71.” Pages 617–35 in Society of Biblical Literature 1995 Seminar Papers. Edited by E. H. Lovering, Jr. SBLSP 34. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1995. Reprinted as pages 230–51 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “John the Baptist and His Disciples in the Pseudo-Clementines: A Historical Appraisal.” Pages 317–35 in Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Texts and Traditions. Edited by Pierluigi Piovanelli and Tony Burke. WUNT 349. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2015.

__________. “Marcionism in the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 225–44 in Poussières de christianisme et de judaïsme antiques: Études réunies en l’honneur de Jean-Daniel Kaestli et Éric Junod. Edited by Albert Frey and Rémi Gounelle. Publications de l’Institut romand des sciences bibliques 5. Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 2007. Reprinted as pages 152–71 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “The Martyrdom of James in Hegesippus, Clement of Alexandria, and Christian Apocrypha, Including Nag Hammadi: A Study of the Textual Relations.” Pages 322–35 in Society of Biblical Literature 1990 Seminar Papers: One Hundred Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting, November 17–20, 1990. Edited by David J. Lull. SBLSP 29. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1990. Reprinted as pages 291–305 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. “Photius’s Witness to the Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 93–10 in Nouvelles intrigues pseudo-clémentines. Edited by Frédéric Amsler, et al. Publications de l’Institut romand des sciences bibliques 6. Lausanne: Éditions du Zèbre, 2008. Reprinted as pages 345–55 in F. Stanley Jones. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

__________. Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

________. “The Pseudo-Clementine Basic Writing and Its Sources.” Annuaire de la Section des sciences religieuses, École pratique des hautes études 106 (1997–98): 321–23.

__________. “Pseudo-Clementine Literature.” Pages 717–19 in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Edited by L. H. Schiffman and J. C. VanderKam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

__________. Pseudo-Clementine “Recognitions” 1.27–71: Early Jewish Christian Perspectives on the Nature and History of Christianity. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1990.

__________. “Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 768–69 in Encyclopedia of Early Christianity. Edited by E. Ferguson et al. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities 846. New York and London: Garland, 1990.

________. “Pseudo-Clementines.” Pages 964–65 in Encyclopedia of Early Christianity. Edited by E. Ferguson et al. 2d ed. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities 1839. New York and London: Garland, 1997.

__________. “The Pseudo-Clementines: A History of Research.” SecCent 2 (1982): 1–33, 63–96. Reprinted with corrections as pages 50–113 in F. Stanley Jones, Pseudoclementina Elchasaiticaque inter Judaeochristiana: Collected Studies. OLA 203. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

Junod, Éric. Origène. Philocalie 21–27: Sur le libre arbitre. Sources chrétiennes 226. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 1976.

Kelley, Nicole. “Astrology in the Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions.” JEH 59 (2008): 607–29.

__________. “The Deformed Child in Ancient Christianity.” Pages 199–225 in Children in Late Ancient Christianity. Edited by Cornelia B. Horn and Robert R. Phenix.  Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 58. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009.

__________. “Clementines-Pseudo.” Pages 1560–63 in Encyclopedia of Ancient History. Edited by Roger Bagnall et al. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

__________. Knowledge and Religious Authority in the Pseudo-Clementines: Situating the “Recognitions” in Fourth Century Syria. WUNT, 2nd ser., 213. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2006.

__________. “On Recycling Texts and Traditions: The Pseudo-Clementine Recognitions and Religious Life in Fourth-Century Syria.” Pages 105–12 in The Levant: Crossroads of Late Antiquity. Edited by Ellen Bradshaw Aitken and John M. Fossey. McGill Monographs in Clasical Archaeology and History 22. Leiden: Brill, 2014.

__________. “The Theological Significance of Physical Deformity in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 34 (2007): 77–90.

Kerényi, Karl. Die griechisch-orientalische Romanliteratur in religionsgeschichtlicher Beleuchtung: Ein Versuch mit Nachbetrachtungen. 1927. 2nd ed. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1962.

Kinzig, Wolfram. “‘Non-Separation’: Closeness and Co-Operation Between Jews and Christians in the Fourth Century.” VC 45 (1991): 27–53.

Klauck, Hans-Josef. The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles: An Introduction. Translated by Brian McNeil.  Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2008.

Klijn, A. F. J. Jewish-Christian Gospel Tradition. VCSup 17. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1992.

__________. “The Pseudo-Clementines and the Apostolic Decree.” NovT 10 (1968): 305–12.

Klijn, A. F. J., and Reinink, G. J. Patristic Evidence for Jewish-Christian Sects. NovTSup 36. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1973.

Kline, Leslie L. The Sayings of Jesus in the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies. SBLDS 14. Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1975.

Koch, Glenn Alan. A Critical Investigation of Epiphanius’ Knowledge of the Ebionites: A Translation and Critical Discussion of ‘Panarion’ 30. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1976

Köstlin, Karl Reinhold. Review of Die clementinischen Recognitionen und Homilien, nach ihrem Ursprung und Inhalt dargestellt, by Adolf Hilgenfeld. Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung (Halle), 1849, cols. 577–78, 585–608, 612–16.

Kopecek, Thomas A. A History of Neo-Arianism. Patristic Monograph Series 8. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: Philadelphia Patristic Foundation, 1979.

Kresten, Otto. “Zu griechischen Handschriften des Francisco Torres SJ.” Römische historische Mitteilungen 12 (1970): 179–96.

Kutsch, Wilhelm. Review of Die syrischen Clementinen mit griechischem Paralleltext: Eine Vorarbeit zu dem literargeschichtlichen Problem der Sammlung, by Wilhelm Frankenberg. Orientalia, n.s., 8 (1939): 184–86.

Lagarde, Paul de. “Clementina.” Pages 26–54 in Mittheilungen. Göttingen: Dieterichsche Sortimentsbuchhandlung (A. Hoyer), 1884.

________. “Neue Ausgabe Clementischer Schriften.” Nachrichten von der königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften und der Georg-Augusts-Universität zu Göttingen 1891:153.

________. “Noch einmal die Schatzhöhle.” Pages 6–16 in Mittheilungen, vol. 4. Göttingen: Dieterichsche Universitätsbuchhandlung, 1891.

________. Review of Die clementinischen Schriften mit besonderer Rücksicht auf ihr literarisches Verhältniss, by Johannes Lehmann. Pages 2–4, 108–12 in Symmicta. Göttingen: Dieterichsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1877.

Langen, Joseph. Die Klemensromane: Ihre Entstehung und ihre Tendenzen aufs neue untersucht. Gotha: Friedrich Andreas Perthes, 1890.

Le Boulluec, Alain. “Hors de la μοναρχία pas de salut. Les refus de Pierre dans les Homélies pseudo-clémentines.” Pages 263–77 in Nier les dieux, nier Dieu Edited by G. Dorival and D. Pralon. Textes et documents de la Méditerranée antique et médiévale. Aix-en-Provence: Université de Provence, 2002.

________. “La monarchia dans les Homélies clémentines et l’origine du mauvais.” Pages 437–60 in Dualismes: Doctrines religieuses et traditions pholosophiques. Edited by F. Jourdan and A. Vasiliu. Chora. Iaşi: Polirom, 2015.

Légasse, Simon. L’antipaulinisme sectaire au temps des pères de l’église. CahRB 47. Paris: J. Gabalda, 2000.

Lehmann, Johannes. Die clementinischen Schriften mit besonderer Rücksicht auf ihr literarisches Verhältniss. Gotha: Friedrich Andreas Perthes, 1869.

Lichtenberger, Hermann. “Synkretistische Züge in jüdischen und judenchristlichen Taufbewegungen.” Pages 85–97 in Jews and Christians: The Parting of the Ways A.D. 70 to 135. Edited by James D. G. Dunn. WUNT 66. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1992.

________. “Täufergemeinden und frühchristliche Täuferpolemik im letzten Drittel des 1.Jahrhunderts.” ZTK 84 (1987): 36–57.

Lindemann, Andreas. Paulus im ältesten Christentum: Das Bild des Apostels und die Rezeption der paulinischen Theologie in der frühchristlichen Literatur bis Marcion. Beiträge zur historischen Theologie 58.  Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1979.

Lipsius, Richard Adelbert. Die apokryphen Apostelgeschichten und Apostellegenden: Ein Beitrag zur altchristlichen Literaturgeschichte. Vol. 2, 2 halves. Braunschweig: C. A. Schwetschke und Sohn, 1884–87.

________. “Petrus nicht in Rom.” Jahrbücher für protestantische Theologie 4 (1876): 561–645.

________. Die Quellen der römischen Petrus-Sage. Kiel: Schwers’sche Buchhandlung, 1872.

________. Review of Die clementinischen Schriften mit besonderer Rücksicht auf ihr literarisches Verhältniss, by Johannes Lehmann. Protestantische Kirchenzeitung für das evangelische Deutschland 16 (1869): 477–82.

Liverani, Paolo. “Pietro turista: la visita ad Arado secondo le Pseudo-Clementine.” Pages 136–45 in Contributo delle scienze storiche allo studio del Nuovo Testamento. Edited by Enrico Dal Covolo and Roberto Fusco. Vatican City: Libreria editrice vaticana, 2005.

Loman, A. D. “Quaestiones Paulinae: 4e Stuk.” ThT 17 (1883): 14–51.

Lüdemann, Gerd. Paulus, der Heidenapostel. Vol. 2: Antipaulinismus im frühen Christentum. FRLANT 130. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1983.  Translated by M. Eugene Boring as Opposition to Paul in Jewish Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1989.

________. Untersuchungen zur simonianischen Gnosis. Göttinger theologische Arbeiten 1. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1975.

Manns, Frédéric. “Les Pseudo-Clémentines (n et Reconnaissances). Etat de la question.” Liber Anuus 53 (2003): 157–84.

Marti, Heinrich. Übersetzer der Augustin-Zeit: Interpretation von Selbstzeugnissen. Studia et Testimonia Antiqua 14. Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1974.

Martyn, J. Louis. “Clementine Recognitions 1,33–71, Jewish Christianity, and the Fourth Gospel.” Pages 265–95 in God’s Christ and His People: Studies in Honour of Nils Alstrup Dahl. Edited by Jacob Jervell and Wayne A. Meeks. Oslo, Bergen, and Tromsö: Universitetsforlaget, 1977.

Meyboom, H. U. De Clemens-roman. Vol. 2: Wetenschappelijke Behandeling. Groningen: J. B. Wolters, 1904.

________. “Marcion en Paulus in de Clementijnen.” ThT 25 (1891): 1–46.

Mingana, Alphonse, ed. and trans. Some Early Judæo-Christian Documents in the John Rylands Library: Syriac Texts. Manchester: University Press, 1917. (A Syriac Life of Clement text is examined pp. 3–20).

________, trans. “A New Document on Clement of Rome, His Relations and His Interview with Simon Peter.” The Expositor, 8th series, 8 (1914): 227–43. (The same text as above).

Molland, Einar. “La circoncision, le baptême et l’autorité du décret apostolique (Actes XV, 28 sq.) dans les milieux judéo-chrétiens des Pseudo-Clémentines.” ST 9 (1955): 1–39.  Reprinted as pages 25–59 in idem, Opuscula Patristica, Bibliotheca Theologica Norvegica 2. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1970.

Morgan, J. R. (1993). “Make-believe and Make Believe: The Fictionality of the Greek Novels.” Pages 175–229 in Lies and Fiction in the Ancient World. Edited by C. Gill and T. R. Wiseman. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993.

Murphy, Francis X. Rufinus of Aquileia (345–411): His Life and Works. The Catholic University of America Studies in Mediaeval History, n.s., 6. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1945.

Nau, F. “Clémentins (apocryphes).” In DThC 3 (1908): 201–23.

________.  “Notes sur les Clémentines.” Pages 24–38 in part 1 of Actes du XIVe congrès international des orientalistes, Alger 1905. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1906.

Neander, August. Genetische Entwickelung der vornehmsten gnostischen Systeme. Berlin: Ferdinand Dümmler, 1818.

Ory, Georges. “Réflexions sur les écrits clémentins: Qui était Clément?” Cahiers du Cercle Ernest-Renan 32 (1984): 33–38.

Paschke, Franz. Die beiden griechischen Klementinen-Epitomen und ihre Anhänge: Überlieferungsgeschichtliche Vorarbeiten zu einer Neuausgabe der Texte. TUGAL 90. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1966.

Perry, Ben Edwin. The Ancient Romances: A Literary-Historical Account of Their Origins. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1967.

Pervo, Richard. “The Ancient Novel Becomes Christian.” Pages 685–711 in The Novel in the Ancient World. Edited by Gareth Schmeling. Rev. ed. Mnemosyne, Supplementum 159. Leiden: Brill, 2003.

Peterson, Erik. “Die geschichtliche Bedeutung der jüdischen Gebetsrichtung.” TZ 3 (1947): 1–15.

Pouderon, Bernard. “Clément évêque de Rome: De la réalité au roman (pseudo-clémentin).” Archipel égéen, n.s., 1 (1994–1995): 96–115.

________. “Flavius Clemens et le proto-Clément juif du roman pseudo-clémentin.” Apocrypha 7 (1996): 63–79.

________. La genèse du roman pseudo-clémentin: Études littéraires et historiques. Collection de la Revue des Études juives. Paris: Peeters, 2012.

________. “Origène, le pseudo-Clément et la structure des Periodoi Petrou.” Apocrypha 12 (2001): 29–51. Reprinted as pages 87–103 in B. Pouderon, La genèse du roman pseudo-clémentin: Études littéraires et historiques. Collection de la Revue des Études juives. Paris: Peeters, 2012.

________. “Aux origines du roman clémentin: Prototype païen, refonte judéo-hellénistique, remaniement chrétien.” Pages 231–56 in Le judéo-christianisme dans tous ses états: Actes du Colloque de Jérusalem 6–10 juillet 1998. Edited by S. Mimouni and F. S. Jones. Lectio Divina. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 2001. Reprinted as pages 21–48 in B. Pouderon, La genèse du roman pseudo-clémentin: Études littéraires et historiques. Collection de la Revue des Études juives. Paris: Peeters, 2012.

Pratscher, Wilhelm. Der Herrenbruder Jakobus und die Jakobustradition. FRLANT 139. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1987.

Pritz, Ray A. Nazarene Jewish Christianity from the End of the New Testament Period until Its Disappearance in the Fourth Century. Studia Post-Biblica 37. Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988.

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